John Colombo, PhD

Social and Behavioral Sciences - Psychology, Life Span Institute, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Professor
Director, Life Span Institute Interim Vice Chancellor of Research
Primary office:
785.864.4295
Dole Human Development Center, 1053
University of Kansas
1000 Sunnyside Avenue
Lawrence, KS 66045
Second office:
785.864.4295
Dole Human Development Center, 1052



Summary

I received my PhD in Psychology (1981) from the State University of New York at Buffalo. After one year at Youngstown State University (1981-1982), and six years (1982-1988) as a research associate with the Bureau of Child Research at the University of Kansas, I joined the faculty of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Kansas in 1988, and have been a member of the Department of Psychology since January of 2002. My research interests are in the developmental cognitive neuroscience of attention and learning, with a special focus on early individual differences in these areas and how they relate to the typical and atypical development of cognitive and intellectual function. I conduct research in laboratories at the KU Edwards Campus and the KU Medical Center, as well as at the Wakarusa Research Facility in Lawrence.

Teaching Interests

  • Infancy
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive development
  • Developmental cognitive neuroscience

Research Interests

  • Developmental cognitive neuroscience
  • Nutrition and cognitive development
  • Attention
  • Developmental origins of health and disease
  • Autonomic function and behavior
  • Developmental systems theory
  • Developmental research design and quantitative methods
  • Individual differences in cognition in infancy and early childhood

Selected Publications

Colombo, John. “Assessing Neurocognitive Development in Studies of Nutrition.” Book Chapters. In Recent Advances in Infant Growth and Nutrition, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1159/000486499.
Gould, Jacqueline F, John Colombo, Carmel T Collins, Maria Makrides, Erandi Hewawasam, and Lisa G Smithers. “Assessing Whether Early Attention of Very Preterm Infants Can Be Improved by an Omega-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Intervention: A Follow-up of a Randomised Controlled Trial.” Journal Articles. BMJ Open, 2018.
Hidaka, Brandon H, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Elizabeth H Kerling, Holly R Hull, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “Intrauterine DHA Exposure and Child Body Composition at 5 y: Exploratory Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation .” Journal Articles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 107, no. 1 (January 26, 2018): 35–42. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqx007.
Moukarzel, Sara, Elizabeth Kerling, Susan E Carlson, Danielle N Christifano, Jo Ann Wick, and John Colombo. “Maternal Vitamin D Status and Infant Infection.  .” Journal Articles. Nutrients 10, no. 2 (January 23, 2018): 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020111.
Colombo, John. “Recent Advances in Infant Growth and Nutrition.” Books, Edited Volumes. Basel, Switzerland: Karger, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1159/000486498.
Colombo, J, D Jill Shaddy, E H Kerling, K M Gustafson, and S E Carlson. “Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and Arachidonic Acid (ARA) Balance in Developmental Outcomes.” Journal Articles. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 121 (May 1, 2017): 52–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2017.05.005.
Colombo, John, Kathleen M. Gustafson, Byron J. Gajewski `, D. Jill Shaddy, Elizabeth H. Kerling, Jocelynn Thodosoff, Caitlin C. Brez, Tasha D. Doty, and Susan E. Carlson. “Prenatal DHA Supplementation and Infant Attention.” Journal Articles. Pediatric Research 80 (October 2016): 656–62. https://doi.org/10.1038/pr.2016.134.
Gajewski, Byron J, C Shane Reese, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “Commensurate Priors on a Finite Mixture Model for Incorporating Repository Data in Clinical Trials.” Journal Articles. Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research, February 2, 2016, epub ahead of print. https://doi.org/10.1080/19466315.2015.1133453.
Hidaka, Brandon H, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, John Colombo, Debra K Sullivan, and Susan E Carlson. “Dietary Patterns of Early Childhood and Maternal Socioeconomic Status in a Unique Prospective Sample from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation.” Journal Articles. BMC Pediatrics 16 (2016): 191. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0729-0.
Carlson, Susan E., and John Colombo. “Docosahexaenoic Acid and Arachidonic Acid Nutrition in Early Development.” Journal Articles. Advances in Pediatrics 63 (2016): 453–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yapd.2016.04.011.
Shireman, Theresa I., Elizabeth H. Kerling, Byron J. Gajewski, John Colombo, and Susan E. Carlson. “Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation (DHA) and the Return on Investment for Pregnancy Outcomes.” Journal Articles. Prostaglandins, Leukotreines, and Essential Fatty Acids 111 (2016): 8–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2016.05.008.
Liao, Ke, Bruce McCandliss, Susan E Carlson, John Colombo, D Jill Shaddy, Elizabeth Kerling, Rebecca Lepping, Carol L Cheatham, and Kathleen M Gustafson. “Event Related Potential Differences in Children Supplemented with Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids during Infancy.” Journal Articles. Developmental Science, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12455.
Yelland, Lisa N, Byron J Gajewski, John Colombo, Robert A Gibson, Maria Makrides, and Susan E Carlson. “Predicting the Effect of Maternal DHA Supplementation to Reduce Early Preterm Birth in Australia and the United States Using Results of Within-Country Randomized Controlled Trials.” Journal Articles. Prostaglandins, Leukotreines, and Essential Fatty Acids 112 (2016): 44–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2016.08.007.
Salley, Brenda, and John Colombo. “Conceptualizing Social Attention in Developmental Research.” Journal Articles. Social Development 25, no. 4 (2015): 687–703. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12174.
Scholtz, Susan A, Elizabeth H Kerling, D Jill Shaddy, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Supplementation in Pregnancy Differentially Modulates Arachidonic Acid and DHA Status across FADS Genotypes in Pregnancy.” Journal Articles. Prostaglandins, Leukotreines, and Essential Fatty Acids 94 (2015): 29–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2014.10.008.
Foiles, Amanda, Elizabeth Kerling, JoAnn Wick, Deolinda Scalabrin, John Colombo, and Susan E. Carlson. “Formula with Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Reduces Incidence of Allergy in Infancy and Early Childhood.” Journal Articles. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1111/pai.12515.
Colombo, John, and Brenda J Salley. “The Development of Attention in Infancy: A Biopsychosocial Perspective.” Book Chapters, 71–96. New York: Guilford Press, 2015.
Gould, J F, M Makrides, J Colombo, and L G Smithers. “Randomized Controlled Trial of Maternal Omega-3 Long-Chain PUFA Supplementation during Pregnancy and Early Childhood Development of Attention, Working Memory, and Inhibitory Control.” Journal Articles. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, February 12, 2014. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.069203.
Gould, Jacqueline, Maria Makrides, John Colombo, and Lisa G Smithers. “A Randomized Controlled Trial of Maternal Omega-3 LCPUFA Supplementation during Pregnancy and Early Childhood Development of Attention, Working Memory and Inhibitory Control. .” Journal Articles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 99 (2014): 851–59. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.069203.
Kapa, Leah L., and John Colombo. “Executive Function Predicts Artificial Language Learning.” Journal Articles. Journal of Memory and Language 76 (2014): 237–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2014.07.004.
Ozias, Marlies K, Susan A Scholtz, Elizabeth H Kerling, D N Christifano, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “Typical Prenatal Vitamin D Supplement Intake Does Not Prevent Decrease of Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D at Birth.” Journal Articles. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 10, no. Oct (2014): 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2013.879843.
Colombo, John, Nelly Zavaleta, Kathleen N Kannass, Fabiola Lazarte, Carla Albornoz, Leah Kapa, and Laura E Caulfield. “Zinc Supplementation Maintains Neurodevelopmental Changes during Infancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Peruvian Infants 6-18 Months of Age.  .” Journal Articles. Journal of Nutrition 144 (2014): 1298–1305. https://doi.org/jn.113.189365.
Caulfield, L E, N Zavaleta, P Chen, J Colombo, and K Kannass. “Mineral Status of Non-Anemic Peruvian Infants Taking an Iron and Copper Syrup with or without Zinc from 6 to 18 Months of Age: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Journal Articles. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) 29, no. 11–12 (October 1, 2013): 1336–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2013.05.023.
Kapa, L. L., and J. Colombo. “Attentional Control in Early and Later Bilingual Children.” Journal Articles. Cognitive Development 28, no. 3 (2013): 233–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2013.01.011.
Carlson, S. E., J. Colombo, B. Gajewski, K. M. Gustafson, D. Mundy, J. Yeast, M. Georgieff, L. Markley, E. H. Kerling, and D. J. Shaddy. “Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation and Pregnancy Outcomes.” Journal Articles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 97, no. 4 (2013): 808–15. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.050021.
Gustafson, K. M., S. E. Carlson, J. Colombo, H-W. Yeh, D. J. Shaddy, S. Li, and E. H. Kerling. “Effects of Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation during Pregnancy on Fetal Heart Rate and Variability: A Randomized Clinical Trial.” Journal Articles. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 88, no. 5 (2013): 331–38.
Colombo, J., S. E. Carlson, C. L. Cheatham, D. J. Shaddy, E. Kerling, J. Thodosoff, K. M. Gustafson, and C. Brez. “Long-Term Effects of LCPUFA Supplementation on Childhood Cognitive Outcomes.” Journal Articles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 98, no. 2 (2013): 403–12. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.040766.
Scholtz, Susan A, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “Overview of Dietary Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids during the Perinatal Period.  .” Book Chapters. In The Importance of Immunonutrition , 145–54. Basel, Switzerland: S Karger, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1159/000351397.
Anderson, C. J., J. Colombo, and K. E. Unruh. “Pupil and Salivary Indicators in Autism Spectrum Disorder.” Journal Articles. Developmental Psychobiology 55, no. 5 (2013): 465–82. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21051.
Salley, B. J., R. Panneton, and J. Colombo. “Separable Predictors of Language Outcome.” Journal Articles. Infancy 18, no. 4 (2013): 462–89. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7078.2012.00138.x.
Bornstein, M. H., and J. Colombo. “Infant Cognitive Functioning and Mental Development.” Book Chapters, 118–47. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Colombo, J., C. C. Brez, and L. C. Curtindale. “Infant Perception and Cognition.” Book Chapters. In Handbook of Psychology, Volume 6: Developmental Psychology , 61–89. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2012.
Brez, C. C., J. Colombo, and L. Cohen. “Infants’ Integration of Featural and Numerical Information.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 35 (2012): 705–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2012.07.003.
Colombo, J., and S. E. Carlson. “Is the Measure the Message? The BSID and Nutritional Interventions.” Journal Articles. Pediatrics 129 (2012): 1166–67. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-0934.
Roberts, J. E., D. D. Hatton, D. Bailey, A. C. J. Long, V. Anello, and J. Colombo. “Visual Attention and Autistic Behavior in Infants with Fragile X Syndrome.” Journal Articles. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disabilities 42 (2012): 937–46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011- 1316-8.
Brez, C. C., and J. Colombo. “Your Eyes Say ΓÇ£noΓÇ¥ but Your Heart Says ΓÇ£yesΓÇ¥: Behavioral and Psychophysiological Indices in Infant Quantitative Processing.” Journal Articles. Infancy 17 (2012): 445–54. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7078.2011.0094.x.
Colombo, J., S. E. Carlson, C. L. Cheatham, K. M. Fitzgerald-Gustafson, A. Kepler, and T. Doty. “LCPUFA Supplementation during Infancy Lowers Heart Rate and Changes the Distribution of Attention.” Journal Articles. Pediatric Research 70 (2011): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1203/PDR.0b013e31822a59f5.
Cheatham, C. L., J. Colombo, and S. E. Carlson. “Long Chain Fatty Acids in the Developing Retina and Brain.” Book Chapters. In Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, 1:497–508. New York: Elsevier, 2011.
Colombo, J., L. Kapa, and L. Curtindale. “Varieties of Attention in Infancy.” Book Chapters. In Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions, 3–26. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Kannass, K. N., J. Colombo, and N. Wyss. “Now, Pay Attention! The Effects of Instruction on ChildrenΓÇÖs Attention.” Journal Articles. Journal of Cognition and Development 11, no. 4 (2010): 509–32.
Geldhof, G. J., T. D. Little, and J. Colombo. “Self-Regulation across the Lifespan.” Book Chapters. In Handbook of Lifespan Development, 2:116–57. New York, NY: John Wiley, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470880166.hlsd002005.
Colombo, J., D. J. Shaddy, C. J. Anderson, O. M. Blaga, L. J. Gibson, and K. N. Kannass. “What Habituates in Infant Visual Habituation? A Psychophysiological Analysis.” Journal Articles. Infancy 15, no. 2 (2010): 107–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7078.2009.00012.x.
Colombo, J., D. J. Shaddy, O. M. Blaga, C. J. Anderson, K. N. Kannass, and W. A. Richman. “Attentional Predictors of Vocabulary from Infancy.” Book Chapters. In Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions, 143–68. New York, NY: Psychology Press/Taylor and Francis, 2009.
Colombo, J., D. J. Shaddy, O. M. Blaga, C. J. Anderson, and K. N. Kannass. “High Cognitive Ability in Infancy and Early Childhood.” Book Chapters. In The Development of Giftedness and Talent across the Life Span, 23–42. Washington, DC: American Psychological Society Press, 2009.
Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. Books. New York, NY: Psychology Press/Taylor and Francis, 2009.
McCardle, P., J. Colombo, and L. Freund. “Measuring Language in Infancy.” Book Chapters, 1–12. New York, NY: Psychology Press/Taylor and Francis, 2009.
Maikranz, J. M., J. Colombo, W. A. Richman, and J. E. Frick. “Autonomic Indicators of Sensitization and Look Duration in Infancy.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 23 (2001): 137–51.
Colombo, J., W. A. Richman, D. J. Shaddy, A. F. Greenhoot, and J. Maikranz. “HR- Defined Phases of Attention, Look Duration, and Infant Performance in the Paired- Comparison Paradigm.” Journal Articles. Child Development 72 (2001): 1605–16.
Colombo, J. “Recent Advances in the Assessment of Infant Cognition: Implications for LC-PUFA Supplementation Studies.” Journal Articles. Lipids 36 (2001): 919–26.
Colombo, J. “The Development of Visual Attention in Infancy.” Journal Articles. Annual Review of Psychology 52 (2001): 337–67.
Colombo, J., D. J. Shaddy, and W. A. Richman. “Cognition, Development, and Exceptional Talent in Infancy.” Book Chapters. In Talents Unfolding: Cognition and Development, 123–48. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2000.
Saxon, T. F., J. Colombo, E. L. Robinson, and J. E. Frick. “Dyadic Interaction Profiles in Infancy and Preschool Intelligence.” Journal Articles. Journal of School Psychology 38 (2000): 9–25.
Frick, J. E., J. Colombo, and J. R. Allen. “The Temporal Sequence of Global-Local Processing in 3-Month-Olds.” Journal Articles. Infancy 1 (2000): 375–86.
Frick, J. E., J. Colombo, and T. F. Saxon. “Individual and Developmental Differences in Disengagement of Fixation in Early Infancy.” Journal Articles. Child Development 70 (1999): 537–48.
Colombo, J., and J. E. Frick. “Recent Advances and Issues in the Study of Preverbal Intelligence.” Book Chapters. In The Development of Intelligence, 46–71. East Sussex: Psychology Press, 1999.
Colombo, J., and J. S. Janowsky. “A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach to Individual Differences in Infant Cognition.” Book Chapters. In The Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention: A Developmental Perspective, 363–92. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998.
Stoecker, J. J., J. Colombo, J. E. Frick, and J. S. Ryther. “Long- and Short-Looking Infants’ Recognition of Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Visual Forms.” Journal Articles. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 71 (1998): 63–78.
Colombo, J. “Individual Differences in Infant Cognition: Methods, Measures and Models.” Book Chapters. In Developing Brain and Behavior: The Role of Lipids in Infant Formulas, 339–85. London: Academic Press, 1997.
Saxon, T. F., J. E. Frick, and J. Colombo. “Individual Differences in Infant Visual Fixation and Maternal Interactional Styles.” Journal Articles. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavioral Development 43 (1997): 48–66.
Mitchell, D. W., and J. Colombo. “Infant Cognition and General Intelligence.” Book Chapters. In Advances in Cognition and Educational Practice: Reflections on the Concept of Intelligence, 101–19. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1997.
Colombo, J., J. E. Frick, and S. A. Gorman. “Sensitization during Visual Habituation Sequences: Procedural Effects and Individual Differences.” Journal Articles. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 67 (1997): 223–35.
Colombo, J., J. E. Frick, J. S. Ryther, and J. J. Gifford. “Individual Differences in Infant Visual Attention: Four-Month-Olds’ Recognition of Forms Connoted by Complementary Contour.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 19 (1996): 113–19.
Frick, J. E., and J. Colombo. “Individual Differences in Infant Visual Attention: Recognition of Degraded Visual Forms by 4-Month-Olds.” Journal Articles. Child Development 67 (1996): 188–204.
Colombo, J., J. S. Ryther, J. E. Frick, and J. J. Gifford. “A Visual ‘Pop-out’ Effect in Infants: Evidence for Preattentive Search in 3- and 4-Month-Olds.” Journal Articles. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 2 (1995): 266–68.
Colombo, J. “Cost, Utility, and the Judgments of Institutional Review Boards.” Journal Articles. Psychological Science 6 (1995): 318–19.
Colombo, J., L. J. Freeseman, J. T. Coldren, and J. E. Frick. “Individual Differences in Infant Visual Fixation: Dominance of Global and Local Stimulus Properties.” Journal Articles. Cognitive Development 10 (1995): 271–85.
Colombo, J., J. E. Frick, J. S. Ryther, J. T. Coldren, and D. W. Mitchell. “Infants’ Detection of Analogs of ‘Motherese’ in Noise.” Journal Articles. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavioral Development 41 (1995): 104–13.
Colombo, J. “On the Neural Mechanisms Underlying Developmental and Individual Differences in Infant Fixation Duration: Two Hypotheses.” Journal Articles. Developmental Review 15 (1995): 97–135.
Coldren, J. T., and J. Colombo. “The Nature and Processes of Preverbal Learning: Implications from Nine-Month-Old Infants’ Discrimination Problem Solving.” Monographs. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 1994.
Freeseman, L. J., J. Colombo, and J. T. Coldren. “Individual Differences in Infant Visual Attention: Discrimination and Generalization of Global and Local Stimulus Properties.” Journal Articles. Child Development 64 (1993): 1191–1203.
Colombo, J. Infant Cognition: Predicting Later Intellectual Functioning. Books. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc, 1993.
Colombo, J., D. W. Mitchell, J. T. Coldren, and L. J. Freeseman. “Individual Differences in Infant Attention: Are Short Lookers Faster Processors or Feature Processors?” Journal Articles. Child Development 62 (1991): 1247–57.
Colombo, J., D. W. Mitchell, J. T. Coldren, and J. D. Atwater. “Discrimination Learning during the First Year of Life: Stimulus and Positional Cues.” Journal Articles. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 16 (1990): 98–109.
Colombo, J., K. McCollam, J. T. Coldren, D. W. Mitchell, and S. J. Rash. “Form Categorization in 10-Month-Old Infants.” Journal Articles. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 49 (1990): 173–88.
Horowitz, F. D., and J. Colombo. “Future Agendas and Directions for Infancy Research.” Journal Articles. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavioral Development 36 (1990): 173–78.
Colombo, J., and D. W. Mitchell. “Individual and Developmental Differences in Infant Visual Attention: Fixation Time and Information Processing.” Book Chapters. In Individual Differences in Infancy: Reliability, Stability, and Prediction, 193–227. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1990.
Individual Differences in Infancy: Reliability, Stability, and Prediction. Books. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, 1990.
Infancy Research: A Summative Look and Directions for the Future. Books. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1990.
Bundy, R. S., J. Colombo, and P. Warnick-Yarmel. “Association Learning and Pitch Perception.” Journal Articles. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1989): 234–36.
Zheng, S. -Y., and J. Colombo. “Gender Differences, Family Configuration, and Preschool Social Participation.” Journal Articles. Journal of Genetic Psychology 150 (1989): 45–50.
Colombo, J., D. W. Mitchell, J. D. Dodd, J. T. Coldren, and F. D. Horowitz. “Longitudinal Correlates of Infant Attention in the Paired Comparison Paradigm.” Journal Articles. Intelligence 13 (1989): 33–42.
Colombo, J., M. M. Moss, and F. D. Horowitz. “Neonatal State Profiles: Reliability and Short-Term Prediction of Neurobehavioral Status.” Journal Articles. Child Development 60 (1989): 1102–10.
Colombo, J., and F. D. Horowitz. “Behavioral State as a Lead Variable in Neonatal Research.” Book Chapters. In Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development, 128–41. New York: Basic Books, 1988.
Colombo, J., D. W. Mitchell, and F. D. Horowitz. “Infant Visual Behavior in the Paired-Comparison Paradigm: Test-Retest and Attention-Performance Relations.” Journal Articles. Child Development 59 (1988): 1198–1210.
Colombo, J., and D. W. Mitchell. “Infant Visual Habituation: In Defense of an Information-Processing Analysis.” Journal Articles. European Bulletin of Cognitive Psychology/Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive 8 (1988): 455–61.
Moss, M. M., J. Colombo, D. W. Mitchell, and F. D. Horowitz. “Neonatal Behavioral Organization and 3-Month Visual Discrimination.” Journal Articles. Child Development 59 (1988): 1211–20.
Zheng, S. -Y., J. Colombo, and F. D. Horowitz. “Psychological Development of the Only Child: Implications for the Chinese Single-Child Policy.” Journal Articles. Journal of Practical Pediatrics 5 (1988): 271–72.
Colombo, J., M. O’Brien, D. W. Mitchell, K. P. Roberts, and F. D. Horowitz. “A Lower Boundary for Visual Categorization in Preverbal Infants.” Journal Articles. Journal of Child Language 14 (1987): 383–85.
Colombo, J., and F. D. Horowitz. “Behavioral State as a Lead Variable in Neonatal Research.” Journal Articles. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavioral Development 33 (1987): 423–38.
Colombo, J., D. W. Mitchell, M. O’Brien, and F. D. Horowitz. “Stimulus and Motoric Influences on Visual Habituation at Three Months.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 10 (1987): 173–81.
Colombo, J., and F. D. Horowitz. “Infants’ Attentional Responses to Frequency Modulated Sweeps.” Journal Articles. Child Development 57 (1986): 287–91.
Colombo, J. “Recent Studies in Early Auditory Development.” Book Chapters. In Annals of Child Development, 3:53–98. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, 1986.
Colombo, J., M. O’Brien, D. W. Mitchell, and F. D. Horowitz. “Stimulus Salience and Relational Processing.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 9 (1986): 377–80.
Colombo, J., and F. D. Horowitz. “A Parametric Study of the Infant Control Procedure.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 8 (1985): 117–21.
Colombo, J. “Infant Attention to Spectral Complexity.” Journal Articles. Journal of Genetic Psychology 146 (1985): 519–22.
Colombo, J., C. A. Laurie, T. A. Martelli, and B. R. Hartig. “Stimulus Context and Infant Orientation Discrimination.” Journal Articles. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 37 (1984): 576–86.
Colombo, J., and R. S. Bundy. “Infant Response to Auditory Familiarity and Novelty.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 6 (1983): 305–11.
Colombo, J. “The Critical Period Concept: Research, Methodology, and Conceptual Issues.” Journal Articles. Psychological Bulletin 92 (1982): 260–75.
Colombo, J., and R. S. Bundy. “A Method for the Measurement of Infant Auditory Selectivity.” Journal Articles. Infant Behavior and Development 4 (1981): 229–31.
Meacham, J. A., and J. Colombo. “External Cues Facilitate Prospective Remembering in 5- and 7-Year-Olds.” Journal Articles. Journal of Educational Research 3 (1979): 299–301.
Kerling, Elizabeth H, John Colombo, and Susan E Carlson. “DHA for Gestation and Infancy and Implications for a Vegetarian Diet.” Book Chapters. In Advances in Nutrition, Submitted/In Review.
Carlson, Susan E, John Colombo, and Carol L Cheatham. “Long Chain Fatty Acids in the Developing Brain.” Book Chapters. In Fetal and Neonatal Physiology. New York: Elseview, Accepted/In Press.

Selected Grants

Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center. National Institutes of Health. $5400000.00. Submitted 2/17/2016 (9/1/2016 - 8/31/2021). Federal. Status: Funded
Prenatal DHA & Neurofunctional Development. R01 HD086001. National Institutes of Health. $3774865.00. (3/1/2016 - 2/27/2021). Federal. Status: Funded
The Cork Nutrition and Microbiome Maternal-Infant Cohort Study. Mead Johnson Nutrition. $304259.00. (1/1/2015 - 12/31/2020). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
Visual attention, joint attention, and emergent language in infancy. K99HD07588. National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $392850.00. Submitted 1/1/2013 (7/1/2013 - 7/31/2018). Federal. Status: Funded
DHA supplementation and pregnancy outcome. Eunice Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development. $2858697.00. Submitted 10/1/2011 (7/1/2012 - 7/31/2017). DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application seeks to renew project R01 HD047315, which supported the conduct of a randomized clinical trial of a high level of supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during the prenatal period (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT00266825). We achieved the enrollment and follow-up goals of the original RCT and, most importantly for the current proposal, we have retained the planned large cohort of children born to women enrolled in the parent trial. Infants enrolled and followed to 18 months of age in this trial are now entering a particularly important period of cognitive and intellectual development, and the successful retention of the current sample allows for an unprecedented opportunity to determine if prenatal supplementation of DHA affects preschool and school-age outcomes that predict successful school performance and adaptive behaviors. The different skills that emerge at these ages build on early components of cognition, which have been positively associated with higher DHA status in both observational studies and clinical trials. We propose to test these infants on a semi-annual basis from 24 through 72 months of age employing outcomes that assess four domains of development that are critical to health, adjustment, and well-being through adulthood: (a) higher-order cognition (memory, attention, and executive function), (b) language processing and preliteracy skills, (c) adaptive regulation (self-regulation skills related to behavioral problems, school performance, and child psychopathology), and (d) intelligence. The proposed assessments will allow us to determine whether prenatal nutritional supplementation with DHA affects child health and development. The findings could contribute to evidence-based policy on prenatal nutrition. In addition, the evidence from this renewal would address hypotheses concerning fetal programming and human behavior that are currently at the forefront within the field of health, development and nutrition. Federal. Status: Funded
Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center. P30HD02528-45. National Institutes of Health (Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $8109647.00. Submitted 3/1/2012 (7/1/2012 - 7/31/2017). DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Core Support for five years is requested for the competitive renewal of the Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center (KIDDRC). The KIDDRC, now in its 44th year, has played a major international role in generating highly effective biobehavioral interventions aimed at the causes, prevention, and treatment of intellectual and developmental disabilities and related secondary conditions, and in delineating basic knowledge of the underlying biology of typical and atypical development. Since its inception, the Center has supported a balanced portfolio of behavioral, biological, and biobehavioral research. Building on its rich history, a unique contribution of the Center in the future will be the development of biologically-informed interventions and treatments. The mission of the KIDDRC is to support high quality basic and applied research relevant to the causes and prevention of intellectual and developmental disabilities and the prevention and remediation of associated secondary conditions. To achieve this mission, the KIDDRC is designed to accomplish three objectives. First, to develop and support new interdisciplinary basic and applied research initiatives directly relevant to the Center's mission, bringing together scientists across the Kansas Center as well as promoting collaborative ventures with researchers at other institutions. Second, to provide cost-effective, scientifically generative, state of the art core services, resources, and facilities that directly enhance the quality and impact of science produced by center investigators and their collaborators. Third, to provide highly efficient, cost-effective systems for planning, developing, managing, coordinating, and disseminating research activities associated with the center. The KIDDRC's research program is organized around four integrated thematic areas that each reflects a topic of central importance to IDD, comports with our scientific directions, and draws upon our research strengths. These themes are: 1) language, communication, and cognition of IDD; 2) risk, prevention, and intervention in IDD; 3) neurobiology of IDD; 4) cellular and molecular biology of early development. To coordinate and support the research activities of the 84 investigators and co-investigators and 88 research projects associated with these themes, four core units are proposed: a) Communication and Administration; b) Biobehavioral Measurement; c) Research Design and Analysis; d) Integrative Imaging.. Federal. Status: Funded
Nutritive effects of prebiotics on early postnatal behavioral measures of tolerance. Mead Johnson Nutrition. $243743.00. (1/15/2014 - 8/31/2016). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
The Kansas Center for Autism Research and Training: Phase II Expansion. Strategic Initiative Grants: Level I. $750000.00. (1/1/2012 - 12/31/2016). Research Investment Council grant to support a start-up package for a senior/mid-career hire in the area of neurocognitive mechanisms in autism. University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
University of Kansas Center for Behavioral Neuroscience in Communicative Disorders. DC005803. National Institute of Communicative Disorders and Stroke. $2158851.00. (1/1/2008 - 12/31/2013). Federal. Status: Funded
Effect of Low Glycemic-Index Beverages on Toddler Cognition. Mead Johnson Nutrition. $193575.00. (1/1/2011 - 12/31/2012). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
Postdoctoral training in translational research on intellectual and developmental disabilities. T32HD007525. National Institutes of Health: Eunice Shriver National Child Health and Human Development. $1059652.00. (1/1/2007 - 12/31/2012). Federal. Status: Funded
Training researchers in language impairments. T32DC000052. National Institute of Communicative Disorders and Stroke. $1137645.00. (1/1/2007 - 12/31/2012). Federal. Status: Funded. Training Faculty: Susan Kemper, Hugh Catts, John Colombo, Steven Warren
DHA supplementation and pregnancy outcome. HD047315. National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $917821.00. (1/1/2006 - 12/31/2011). Federal. Status: Funded. Total costs: $2,065,987
Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center. P30HD02528. National Institutes of Health (Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $3840552.00. (1/1/2008 - 12/31/2011). Federal. Status: Funded. Total costs for Years 42-45: $3,840,552
Pupil size and circadian salivary variations in Autism Spectrum Disorder. R03 MH084061-01. National Institute of Mental Health. $139636.00. (1/1/2009 - 12/31/2011). Federal. Status: Funded
The effects of DHA on fetal heart rate and development. R21 HD059019. National Institutes of Health: Eunice Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development. $275000.00. (1/1/2009 - 12/31/2011). Federal. Status: Funded
Neural synchrony and the induction of attention in human infants. University of Kansas General Research Fund Grant. $13400.00. (1/1/2009 - 12/31/2010). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Executive Functions of the Frontal Lobes and DHA: Proposed Follow-Up of Current Kansas City Mead Johnson Nutritionals Study Participants. Mead Johnson Nutritionals. $279814.00. (1/1/2008 - 12/31/2009). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
Pupillary Responses and Neural Activation to Face and Non-Face Pictures in Children with ASD. University of Kansas Center for Autism Research and Training (Life Span Institute). $39977.00. (1/1/2008 - 12/31/2009). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Zinc and biobehavioral development in early childhood. HD045430. National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $324646.00. (1/1/2004 - 12/31/2009). Federal. Status: Funded. Total costs: $1,863,577
Alpha-amylase levels and psychophysiological arousal in autism. University of Kansas General Research Fund Grant. $10327.00. (1/1/2007 - 12/31/2008). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Clinical trials and maternal-infant outcomes workshop: Satellite to ISSFAL 2008. Mead Johnson Nutritionals. $6500.00. (12/31/2008). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
Supplemental Scholarship. The Graduate School, University of Kansas. Submitted for and awarded to the Department of Psychology. $12000.00. (1/1/2006 - 12/31/2008). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Learning from dynamic visual displays. NSF 0521860. National Science Foundation Science of Learning Center Catalyst Grant. $199941.00. (1/1/2005 - 12/31/2007). Federal. Status: Funded
The effects of infant formula supplemented with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on visual and cognitive development in term infants. MJN 3370-4. Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Inc. (Research Division). $715000.00. (1/1/2006 - 12/31/2007). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded. Continuation
University of Kansas Center for Behavioral Neuroscience in Communicative Disorders. DC005803. National Institute of Communicative Disorders and Stroke. $1710000.00. (1/1/2002 - 12/31/2007). Federal. Status: Funded
Conference on the assessment of cognition and language in infancy and early childhood. Supported by the University of Kansas Merrill Advanced Study Center, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, and the National Science Foundation. $40000.00. (1/1/2004 - 12/31/2005). Federal. Status: Funded
Perception and processing of time in infancy. National Science Foundation Grant (NSF 0318072). $190214.00. (1/1/2003 - 12/31/2005). Federal. Status: Funded
The Effects Of Infant Formula Supplemented With Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids On Visual And Cognitive Development In Term Infants. MJN 3370-4. Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Inc. (Research Division). $600000.00. (1/1/2003 - 12/31/2005). For Profit (company/corporation). Status: Funded
Birth DHA status: Sources and effects on attention. University of Kansas Medical Center Research Institute Clinical Pilot Research Project. $25000.00. (1/1/2000 - 12/31/2003). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Infant visual attention and preschool cognitive outcome. HD35903. National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development). $741876.00. (1/1/1998 - 12/31/2003). Federal. Status: Funded
The effect of consuming docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) -enriched eggs during the last trimester of pregnancy on infant attention development. OMT-2000-02. OmegaTech, Inc/Martek Biosciences. $302919.00. (1/1/2001 - 12/31/2003). Federal. Status: Funded
Integrating Digital Video Clips into Child Development Courses. University of Kansas ΓÇ£Quest for the BestΓÇ¥ Competition, Instructional Development Services. $5000.00. (1/1/1999 - 12/31/2000). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Individual differences in infant visual processing: A test of three hypotheses. University of Kansas General Research Fund Grant. $7000.00. (1/1/1997 - 12/31/1998). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Individual differences in infant visual processing. HD29960. National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Development). $362024.00. (1/1/1993 - 12/31/1997). Federal. Status: Funded
Infants' processing of degraded visual targets: Effects of locus and type of deletion. University of Kansas General Research Fund Grant. $6900.00. (1/1/1992 - 12/31/1993). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded. $4350 of this grant was returned to the University when an NIH proposal was funded in January of 1993
A signal detection analysis of infant visual recognition memory. University of Kansas Biomedical Support Grant. $6000.00. (1/1/1990 - 12/31/1991). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
State organization in high-risk neonates. #12-89. March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation Grant. $37000.00. (1/1/1989 - 12/31/1991). Not-for-Profit (not Foundation). Status: Funded
Supplementary equipment grant. National Institute of Mental Health. $20000.00. (1/1/1990 - 12/31/1991). Federal. Status: Funded
Individual differences in infant learning: Stability and reliability of infant response in the synchronous reinforcement paradigm. MH43246. National Institute of Mental Health. $37500.00. (1/1/1989 - 12/31/1990). Federal. Status: Funded
Reversal and nonreversal shifts in infant learning. 88-4787. University of Kansas Biomedical Support Grant. $5500.00. (1/1/1988 - 12/31/1989). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Infant acquisition and retention of a visual-auditory contingency. 86-4480. University of Kansas Biomedical Support Grant. $5800.00. (1/1/1987 - 12/31/1988). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Individual differences in infant visual habituation. MH41395. National Institute of Mental Health. $22500.00. (1/1/1986 - 12/31/1987). Federal. Status: Funded
Acquisition/performance relationships in infancy. 85-4309. University of Kansas Biomedical Support Grant. $6000.00. (1/1/1985 - 12/31/1986). University (KU or KUMC). Status: Funded
Auditory preference in infants. MH14368. National Institute of Mental Health. $22500.00. (1/1/1981 - 12/31/1982). Federal. Status: Funded

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